When was Fanconi discovered?
In 1967, Guido Fanconi, a Swiss pediatrician, described Fanconi anemia (FA) in two siblings with similar physical anom-alies and bone marrow failure.
How is the family of a person with Fanconi anemia affected?
Although Fanconi anemia is a blood disorder, it can also affect many of the body’s other organs, tissues and systems. Children who inherit Fanconi anemia are at higher risk for birth defects and for developing certain cancers and other serious health conditions.
What is Fanconi anemia syndrome?
Fanconi anemia is a rare disease passed down through families (inherited) that mainly affects the bone marrow. It results in decreased production of all types of blood cells. This is the most common inherited form of aplastic anemia.
How do you know if you have Fanconi anemia?
The most common symptoms of Fanconi anemia (FA) are: extreme tiredness. frequent infections. easy bruising.
How does Fanconi anemia lead to aplastic anemia?
Approximately 90 percent of people with Fanconi anemia have impaired bone marrow function that leads to a decrease in the production of all blood cells (aplastic anemia ).
How is Fanconi anemia treated?
Treatment for Fanconi anemia depends on your age and how well your bone marrow is making new blood cells. Treatment may include a blood and bone marrow transplant, blood transfusions, or medicine to help your body make more red blood cells.
What are FA genes?
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder, in the category of inherited bone marrow failure syndromes. Half the patients are diagnosed prior to age 10, while about 10% are diagnosed as adults.
How can Fanconi anemia be prevented?
You can’t prevent Fanconi anemia (FA) because it’s an inherited disease. If a child gets two copies of the same faulty FA gene, he or she will have the disease. If you’re at high risk for FA and are planning to have children, you may want to consider genetic counseling.
What is the life expectancy of someone with Fanconi anemia?
Due to the unpredictable nature of Fanconi’s anemia, the average lifespan of people with the disorder is between twenty and thirty years. The most common causes of death related to the disorder are leukemia, bone marrow failure, and solid tumors.
What are the signs and symptoms of Fanconi anemia?
Most often, signs and symptoms of Fanconi anemia appear at birth or early in childhood, between 5 and 10 years of age. Children may have delayed growth and development, including delayed puberty or anemia symptoms, such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and bruising easily.
How is Fanconi anemia diagnosed?
Investigating the family history is one of the initial steps in diagnosing Fanconi Anemia.
Who is at risk for Fanconi anemia?
Who is at risk for Fanconi anemia (FA)? About one person in 360,000 people in the United States is born with FA; one of every 300 is a carrier. Jews of Eastern European descent (Ashkenazi Jews) have a one in 90 chance of being a carrier, and one in 30,000 is born with it.