What type of music is associated with Gregorian chant?
Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church.
Is plainsong the same as Gregorian chant?
Plainchant is a form of medieval church music that involves chanting or words that are sung, without any instrumental accompaniment. It is also called plainsong. Gregorian Chant is a variety of plainchant, although the two terms are often incorrectly referred to as synonymous.
What are Gregorian chants based on?
Gregorian chant was categorized into eight modes, influenced by the eightfold division of Byzantine chants called the oktoechos. Each mode is distinguished by its final, dominant, and ambitus. The final is the ending note, which is usually an important note in the overall structure of the melody.
Is Gregorian chant medieval or Renaissance?
Session 1: Gregorian chant, also known as plainchant, is ceremonial choral music used in the medieval Catholic church.
What are the three characteristics of plainsong?
Characteristics of Plainchant The three most often heard settings: syllabic (each syllable of text set to a single note of music) neumatic (from two to a dozen notes assigned to a single syllable) melismatic (one syllable sung to many notes)
Who made this an approved music of the Catholic Church?
Monophonic plainchant was named after Pope Gregory I, who made this the approved music of the Catholic Church. During the latter part of the Medieval Period, secular music which was not bound by Catholic traditions emerged.
Why Gregorian chant is sacred music?
Gregorian chant, monophonic, or unison, liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church, used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours, or divine office. Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I, during whose papacy (590–604) it was collected and codified.
What is the texture of Gregorian chant and troubadour music?
monophony, musical texture made up of a single unaccompanied melodic line. It is a basic element of virtually all musical cultures. Byzantine and Gregorian chants (the music of the medieval Eastern and Western churches, respectively) constitute the oldest written examples of monophonic repertory.