What IV medication is given for high blood pressure?

What IV medication is given for high blood pressure?

Hydralazine, methyldopate, enalaprilat, and nicardipine appear to be the best options for patients temporarily requiring i.v. medications for controlling chronic hypertension.

Which drug is used for emergency hypertension?

The traditional drug of choice for therapy of hypertensive emergencies is sodium nitroprusside. Intravenous labetalol produces a prompt, controlled reduction in blood pressure and is a promising alternative. Other agents used are diazoxide, trimethaphan camsylate, hydralazine, nitroglycerin, and phentolamine.

What is enalapril IV used for?

Enalaprilat injection is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly.

How do you take labetalol IV?

Administration of continuous IV infusion: Dilute 100mg of labetalol in 30mL of sodium chloride 0.9% and delivery through a syringe driver. Infuse via a dedicated peripheral or central lumen. Do not attach to a two way infusion as an inadvertent bolus may be delivered. Commence infusion at 10 mL/hour (20mg/hour).

Can enalapril be given IV?

Enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned) Enalapril is the only ACE inhibitor currently available in the United States that has an IV formulation. It can be given orally, once or twice daily, with daily doses ranging between 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg. The IV dose is 0.005 to 0.01 mg/kg per dose, one to three times a day.

How does enalapril work for hypertension?

Enalapril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It works by blocking a substance in the body that causes the blood vessels to tighten. As a result, enalapril relaxes the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.

What are the top 10 blood pressure medications?

Common Medications for High Blood Pressure

  • Amlodipine (Norvasc) is a calcium channel blocker.
  • Benazepril (Lotensin) is an ACE inhibitor.
  • Chlorthalidone (Hygroton) is a thiazide diuretic.
  • Enalapril (Vasotec) is an ACE inhibitor.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril, Microzide) is a thiazide diuretic.

What is labetalol IV used for?

Labetalol injection is used to treat severe high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly.

When do you give IV labetalol?

Severe Hypertension If it is essential to reduce the blood pressure quickly a dose of 50 mg should be given by I.V. injection (during 1 minute) and, if necessary, be repeated at 5-minute intervals until a satisfactory response occurs. The total dose should not exceed 200 mg.

How do you administer IV enalapril?


  1. Intravenous (IV): 1.25 mg/dose given over 5 minutes every 6 hours. A clinical response typically occurs within 15 minutes.
  2. Concomitant diuretic therapy: start with 0.625 mg IV over 5 minutes.
  3. Conversion from IV enalaprilat to enalapril:

What is the best medication for hypertension?

According to one study, the diuretic chlorthalidone (Hygroton) had significant benefit in elderly patients with systolic hypertension. Along with a diuretic, some calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers may also be good choices.

What are the 4 most dangerous blood pressure drugs?


  • Bisoprolol (Zebeta)
  • Doxazosin (Cardura)
  • Mykrox
  • Losartan (Cozaar)
  • Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
  • Bumetanide (Bumex)
  • Amlodipine Besylate (Norvasc)
  • Valsartan (Diovan)
  • Carvedilol (Coreg)
  • What are the most common hypertension medications?

    The 10 Most Prescribed Drugs. Generic Zocor (simvastatin), a cholesterol-lowering statin drug — 94.1 million prescriptions Lisinopril (brand names include Prinivil and Zestril), a blood pressure drug — 87.4 million prescriptions Generic Synthroid (levothyroxine sodium), synthetic thyroid hormone — 70.5 million prescriptions Generic Norvasc…

    What are the 4 worst blood pressure medications?

    Hi, I’m Dr. Marlene Merritt, and today I’m going to “name names” and expose the 4 Worst Blood Pressure Drugs on the market… Worst Drug # 1: Lisinopril Worst Drug # 2: Metoprolol Succinate, sold as “Toprol XL” Worst Drug # 3: Amlodipine, sold as “Norvasc” Worst Drug # 4: Chlorothiazide, sold as “Diuril”