What is T condylar fracture?

What is T condylar fracture?

By definition, T-condylar fractures are intra-articular, distal humerus fractures characterized by a central intercondylar split and extension of the fracture line proximally through both the medial and lateral columns.

Where is a condylar fracture?

A condylar fracture is a repetitive strain injury that results in a fracture to the cannon bone above the fetlock due to large loads transmitted during high-speed exercise.

What kind of plate is used for condyle fractures?

Materials that are typically used for assessing base of the condyle and lower part of the mandible neck fractures are miniplates fixed to the bone surface with screws [2,12,13]. The most common types are straight plates with linear arrangement of holes, L-shaped plates and multidimensional plates (3D plates) [7,14].

What is intercondylar fracture of humerus?

Abstract. Background: Intercondylar fracture of humerus is one of the commonest fractures of young adult and counts for about 30% of all elbow fractures. The treatment of these fractures continues to present challenges despite advances in internal fixation.

What is a condylar?

A condyle (/ˈkɒndəl/ or /ˈkɒndaɪl/; Latin: condylus, from Greek: kondylos; κόνδυλος knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint – an articulation with another bone. It is one of the markings or features of bones, and can refer to: On the femur, in the knee joint: Lateral condyle.

What is Intercondylar?

Medical Definition of intercondylar : situated between two condyles the intercondylar eminence of the tibia the intercondylar fossa or notch separates the condyles of the femur.

What is capitellum?

The capitellum, also referred to as the capitulum, is the lateral part of the humeral condyle that articulates with the radial head.

What is the condylar process?

The condylar process, also called the condyloid process, is the process on the mandible that articulates with the disk of the TMJ.

What is condyle made?

The articular surface of the condyle is covered by fibrous tissue, and interfaces with an articular disk (or meniscus) of avascular, non-innervated fibrous tissue (collagen, fibroblasts).

What causes a femoral condyle fracture?

Osteochondral fractures of lateral femoral condyle are common in adolescents and young adults. They are usually caused by direct trauma or twisting injuries of the knee.

What is a T-condylar fracture?

C, D: An extensor pattern in which the condylar fragments are situated posterior to the distal shaft. The muscle origins on the respective condyles cause them to diverge in the coronal plane ( arrows) and flex in the sagittal plane. A T-condylar fracture may also be caused by a fall on the outstretched arm with the elbow in only slight flexion.

What is a condylar fracture of the mandible?

The mandible is strongest in the midline (symphysis) and weakest at both ends (condyles). One of the most common areas of fracture in the mandible is, therefore, the condylar region. A blow to the anterior mandibular body is the most common reason for condylar fracture. The force is transmitted from the body of the mandible to the condyle.

What is a condylar fracture of the cannon?

A condylar fracture is a repetitive strain injury that results in a fracture to the cannon bone above the fetlock due to large loads transmitted during high-speed exercise. Scan showing the screws inserted during surgery (right).

What is the pathophysiology of T-condylar distal humerus fractures in children?

Very little has been written on the type of associated injuries seen with T-condylar distal humerus fractures in children. In general, these are high-velocity injuries which are typically the result of high-energy mechanisms, such as motor vehicle collisions, high-speed sporting accidents or falls from significant heights.