What is rapid case ascertainment?
Rapid Case Ascertainment (RCA) enables researchers to identify cancer cases shortly after diagnosis to facilitate population-based cancer prevention and control research that requires early contact with patients.
What is case finding in cancer registry?
Casefinding is a system for identifying every patient – inpatient or outpatient, who is diagnosed and/or treated with a reportable diagnosis of cancer. Casefinding is one of the most important duties a cancer registrar performs.
What is a central cancer registry?
Central registries are population-based registries that maintain data on all cancer patients within certain geographical areas. Special purpose registries maintain data on a particular type of cancer, such as brain tumors.
What are the functions of Central Cancer Registries?
NAACCR is a professional organization that develops and promotes uniform data standards for cancer registration, certifies population- based registries; and promotes the use of cancer surveillance data and systems for cancer control and epidemiologic research; public health programs, and patient care to reduce the …
What is case ascertainment?
The active case ascertainment approach is the intensive level of case identification that involves staff finding cases at strategic data sources. Ascertainment is usually very complete, and each diagnosis in the database is confirmed.
What is the difference between case-finding and screening?
Our distinction between screening and case-finding is focused on the clinical context itself; screening programs specify the offer of investigation to all individuals in a predefined group.
Is the process of determining how far a cancer has spread?
Staging is the process of finding out how much cancer is in a person’s body and where it’s located. It’s how the doctor determines the stage of a person’s cancer.
Who usually collects and maintains cancer registry data?
Cancer registrars—also known as tumor registrars—are highly trained data management experts who collect and process cancer data.
How long is information maintained in a cancer registry?
Cancer Research Region and Location When asked how many years of data they have available in their database, the majority responded with greater than five years. The cancer researchers collect demographic data including race, ethnicity, and date of birth.
What types of facilities keep a cancer registry?
- Doctors’ offices.
- Nursing homes.
- Pathology laboratories.
- Ambulatory care facilities or clinics.
- Radiation and chemotherapy treatment centers.
- Other cancer care facilities.
Is it mandated to report cancer?
Cancer reporting has been required by California State law since 1985. All cancer professionals and facilities responsible for treating or diagnosing patients with cancer are required to report demographic, diagnostic, and treatment data to California Cancer Registry (CCR).
What is ascertainment bias in epidemiology?
Ascertainment bias arises when data for a study or an analysis are collected (or surveyed, screened, or recorded) such that some members of the target population are less likely to be included in the final results than others.