Is restorative justice conferencing appropriate for youth offenders?
While many studies on restorative justice conferencing (RJC) for youth offenders have shown favourable outcomes such as victim satisfaction and fairness, and offender accountability and perceived legitimacy, other studies have demonstrated more problematic outcomes in terms of mutual understanding, sincerity of apology …
What is a conference YCJA?
A youth justice conference is a group of people who are asked by a decision-maker, such as a judge, to come together to give advice on the case of a young person who is involved in the youth criminal justice system. Providing information to the public about the YCJA and the youth justice system.
Who can refer a young person to the youth justice Service?
The police may refer a young person to a youth justice coordinator (coordinator) for an intention to charge (ITC) family group conference when the young person is alleged to have committed an offence but has not been arrested and the enforcement officer believes that the public interest requires criminal proceedings to …
Are youth justice conferences effective in reducing juvenile crime rates in Australia?
A program designed to bring young offenders face to face with the victims of their crime and encourage them to accept responsibility for their offending is no more effective than the NSW Children’s Court in reducing juvenile re-offending, a new study by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research has found.
Is restorative justice appropriate?
Restorative justice can potentially be used for any type of crime. It can help victims of low level crime and people who have experienced the most serious offences. However, restorative justice can still help victims of these offences.
What is a youth justice committee and what does it do?
A Youth Justice Committee is made up of citizens who live or work in your community. They volunteer to work with young people in conflict with the law, as well as their families, victims, the legal system and the community, to find appropriate, meaningful sanctions for the young person.
What is a sentencing circle?
A sentencing circle can be described8 as a process by which an Aboriginal offender is sentenced by a judge who hears recommendations from the offender’s fellow community members. Sentencing circles often take place in the offender’s home community9. Victims may or may not participate in sentencing circles.
What happens when a child commits an offense?
Typically, if a minor — a child under the age of 18 — commits a crime, he or she will be go into the juvenile justice system. In the juvenile court system, cases are tried in generally the same way as in the adult court system, but with one major exception: they are not entitled to a trial by jury.
Can 16 year olds go to jail NZ?
Under New Zealand Law: An under 10 year old is a “child”, and cannot be charged with any criminal offence. Once 10, a child can be charged only with murder or manslaughter. A 14, 15, 16 year old and some 17 year olds (depending on the charge) is a “young person” and can be charged with other offences.
How effective are YJC’s?
The deviation from traditional court procedures has been proven effective through statistics from the Australian Institute of Criminology that found 99% of offenders who underwent YJC, between 2012-13, were satisfied with the result.
What is restorative justice Youth?
YJC is a restorative Justice practice. Restorative Justice is the theory that focuses on repairing the harm caused by the offending behaviour and restoring relationships between the victim, the young person and the supporting participants. Legislation.
What is the Young Offenders Act (YOA)?
The Young Offenders Act 1997 (NSW) (“YOA”) establishes an alternate regime of dealing with young persons who commit certain offences by diverting them from the Children’s Court. The YOA provides the legislative framework for the giving of warnings, cautions and youth justice conferences (“YJC”).
What happens to the Youth Justice Advisory Committee when it is abolished?
(1) The Youth Justice Advisory Committee established by section 70 of this Act is abolished on the day on which that section is repealed by the amending Act (the abolition day ). (b) is not entitled to be paid any remuneration or compensation because of ceasing to hold that office.
What is the purpose of the Youth Justice Act?
This Act commences on a day or days to be appointed by proclamation. (a) to establish a scheme that provides an alternative process to court proceedings for dealing with children who commit certain offences through the use of youth justice conferences, cautions and warnings, and
What offences are not covered by the youth Offence Act?
The offences covered by the YOA are summary offences and indictable offences that may be dealt with summarily [section 8(1)]. Specific offences not covered by the YOA include [section 8(2)]: Those where the principal person investigating the offence is not an “investigating official” within the definition in section 4.