How does cholera work biology?
A bacterium called Vibrio cholerae causes cholera infection. The deadly effects of the disease are the result of a toxin the bacteria produces in the small intestine. The toxin causes the body to secrete enormous amounts of water, leading to diarrhea and a rapid loss of fluids and salts (electrolytes).
Does cholera have a scientific name?
V. cholerae was first described by Félix-Archimède Pouchet in 1849 as some kind of protozoa. Filippo Pacini correctly identified it as a bacterium and from him, the scientific name is adopted….
|Vibrio cholerae Pacini, 1854
What is the main cause of cholera?
Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. People can get sick when they swallow food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening.
What is cholera in microbiology?
Cholera is a rapidly dehydrating diarrheal disease caused by a toxin-producing bacteria, Vibrio cholerae. The etiologic agent and pathogenesis of infection with toxigenic V.
What happens when cholera enters the body?
Approximately 1 in 10 people who get sick with cholera will develop severe symptoms such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.
How does cholera reproduce in the body?
cholerae bacteria live in stagnant water and reproduce very slowly. In humans, their numbers explode – V. cholerae causes diarrhoea that flushes all competing bacteria from the gut. Victims can have 100 million cholera bacteria in just one millilitre of stool.
Is cholera virus or bacteria?
Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the toxigenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 or O139. An estimated 2.9 million cases and 95,000 deaths occur each year around the world.