How do I report a lead acid battery Tier 2?
According to the EPA, there are two ways of reporting lead-acid batteries for Tier II. The agency’s recommended approach states that a facility should be consistent in reporting between 311 (SDS Reporting) and 312 (Chemical Inventory Reporting).
Is lead an EHS?
Under EPCRA sections 311 and 312, a lead acid battery would be considered a mixture, containing both sulfuric acid, an extremely hazardous substance (EHS), and other hazardous chemicals such as lead, lead oxide, and lead sulfate.
How do you manage lead-acid batteries?
You can apply an acid-resistant coating, such as an epoxy, to a concrete floor to prevent corrosion from spilled acid. You must have some form of acid-resistant curbing that is capable of holding any liquids around the battery storage area.
How many pounds of sulfuric acid is in a car battery?
To calculate the total amount of sulfuric acid in the battery, multiply the weight (60 pounds) by the percentage of sulfuric acid (44%). The result is 26.4 pounds of sulfuric acid. Generally, one battery will not push you over the threshold unless it’s very large.
What is the reportable quantity for sulfuric acid?
The reportable quantity (RQ) for sulfuric acid is 1000 lbs (454 kg) while the reportable quantity for unlisted waste code D002 is 100 lbs (45.4 kg).
Is lead a hazardous chemical?
Lead may cause lung, brain, stomach, and kidney cancer in humans. Metallic taste, colic, muscle cramps Damage to the nervous system Remove the person from exposure. Flush eyes with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes.
How do you store a lead-acid battery?
The used or spent lead-acid batteries should be stored so that the acid they contain cannot spill or leak into the environment. The batteries should be stored upright so that acid cannot leak out of the top vent holes.
What happens to old lead-acid batteries?
According to the EPA, about 80% of the lead and plastic in a lead-acid battery is recycled for reuse. Lead-acid batteries are also closed-loop recycled, which means each part of a battery is recycled into a new battery.
How can you tell how much sulfuric acid is in a battery?
Sulfuric acid (lbs) = gallons of electrolyte x density of electrolyte x % sulfuric acid. However, if you are unable to obtain the necessary data, we typically estimate the amount of sulfuric acid at 18% of the battery’s weight and the amount of lead at 70% of the battery’s weight.
How much sulfuric acid is in a lead acid battery?
Lead acid batteries are built with a number of individual cells containing layers of lead alloy plates immersed in an electrolyte solution, typically made of 35% sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and 65% water (Figure 1).
How does the facility report lead-acid batteries on the Tier II form?
A facility has few lead-acid batteries (non-consumer type) on site. How does the facility report these batteries on the Tier II form? The facility must first determine if there are any hazardous chemicals or extremely hazardous substances (EHSs) in the batteries.
What is the reporting threshold for sulfuric acid in batteries?
Therefore, if the total amount of sulfuric acid is at or above 500 lbs, which is the reporting threshold under sections 311 and 312, then the facility may choose to report the batteries indicating that sulfuric acid, an EHS is present above the threshold.
How should sulfuric acid be reported on the Tier II form?
The facility must evaluate if sulfuric acid should be reported on the Tier II form by aggregating the amount of sulfuric acid in each battery and determine if the total quantity meets the threshold level. The threshold level for EHSs established in 40 CFR part 370 is 500 lbs or the TPQ, whichever is lower.
What is the reporting threshold for lead in forklift batteries?
The reporting threshold for lead, a hazardous chemical, is 10,000 lb. You know you have an electric forklift, but you have no idea what’s inside the battery or how much. Thankfully, your forklift battery vendor probably will provide a battery report upon request.