How do epicyclic gears work?

How do epicyclic gears work?

An epicyclic gear train (also known as a planetary gearset) consists of two gears mounted so that the center of one gear revolves around the center of the other. The planet and sun gears mesh so that their pitch circles roll without slip. A point on the pitch circle of the planet gear traces an epicycloid curve.

How did Buick Dynaflow transmission work?

The Dynaflow was an automatic transmission used in various forms in Buick cars by the General Motors Corporation from 1947 until 1963. The transmission was incapable of automatic shifting, requiring the driver to move the shift lever from low to drive to cause an upshift.

What is Gearbox efficiency?

Gearbox efficiency is the ratio of the output torque divided by the product of the input torque times the overall gear ratio. The overall gear ratio is the total gear reduction in the gearbox—the number of motor revolutions required for one revolution of the stem nut. The pullout efficiency is the lowest of the three.

What is the meaning of epicyclic?

ep·i·cy·cle (ĕp′ĭ-sī′kəl) 1. In Ptolemaic cosmology, a small circle, the center of which moves on the circumference of a larger circle at whose center is the earth and the circumference of which describes the orbit of one of the planets around the earth. 2.

What is stationary gear?

Stationary gearbox So-called stationary gearboxes are characterised by the fact that the gear wheels have stationary axes of rotation. An input gear drives an output gear by an idler gear (intermediate gear).

How do you calculate epicyclic gear?

First Steps. To make calculating planetary gear ratios as simple as possible, note the number of teeth on the sun and ring gears. Next, add the two numbers together: The sum of the two gears’ teeth equals the number of teeth on the planetary gears connected to the carrier.

How do planetary gears increase torque?

The planet gears are mounted on a joint carrier that is connected to the output shaft. The rotational speed of the output is lower than that of the drive, and the torque of the output is higher in reverse proportion. The more gear wheels mesh with each other, the higher the torque.

Which gear has highest efficiency?

Gear Efficiency Comparison Table

No Type Efficiency Range
1 Spur 94-98%
2 Straight Bevel 93-97%
3 Spiral Bevel 95-99%
4 Worm 90-50%

How does the epicyclic gearbox work?

The Epicyclic Gearbox consists of four components. Planet Carrier. The shaft attached to the Sun Gear acts as an input of power transmission from the Engine. It is located at the center of the Gearbox and was in mesh with the Planet Gears. More than one sun gear is also attached to achieve different outputs.

What is the gear ratio of an epicyclic gear?

The gear ratio of an epicyclic gearing system is somewhat non-intuitive, particularly because there are several ways in which an input rotation can be converted into an output rotation. The three basic components of the epicyclic gear are: Carrier: Holds one or more peripheral Planet gears, all of the same size, meshed with the sun gear

What do the red marks on an epicyclic gear mean?

The red marks show the relative displacement of the sun gear and carrier, when the carrier is rotated 45° clockwise and the ring gear is held fixed. An epicyclic gear train (also known as planetary gear) consists of two gears mounted so that the centre of one gear revolves around the centre of the other.

What is the difference between offset and epicyclic gear?

Epicyclic gear sets are used because they are smaller than offset gear sets since the load is shared among the planed gears. This makes them lighter and more compact, versus countershaft gearboxes. Also, when configured properly, epicyclic gear sets are more efficient.