Do I need Japanese encephalitis vaccine for Thailand?
Generally speaking, we will recommend JE vaccine for travelers in Southeast Asia who will stay here more than 2-3 wks, especially who will travel in rural area and may expose with mosquito. We do not pay special concern to seasonality, since transmission of JE in Southeast Asia could occur all year round.
What injections do I need for Koh Samui?
Routine Vaccinations for Koh Samui, Thailand Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio area all serious and potentially life threatening diseases. Most travellers should have been vaccinated as part of the UK national vaccination schedule. A booster every ten years is recommended by the World Health Organisation.
Which countries do you need Japanese encephalitis?
- Myanmar (Burma)
What are the chances of catching Japanese encephalitis?
The chances of contracting Japanese encephalitis are small, at about 1 in a 1,000,000 chance. However, JE is a serious disease and once contracted, generally 1/3 of people will recover fully, 1/3 will have ongoing neurological issues and 1/3 will die from the disease.
When is Japanese encephalitis season in Thailand?
Outbreaks occur mostly in the northern region (Chiang Mai valley) with sporadic cases reported from the areas of Sukhothai, the suburbs of Bangkok and Phitsanulok, as well as from the southern regions of the country. Transmission occurs all year with seasonal peaks from May to October in northern areas.
What happens if you get Japanese encephalitis?
Japanese encephalitis virus is spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. Most people who get infected experience mild or no symptoms. In people who develop severe disease, early symptoms include fever, headache, and vomiting. These symptoms may be followed by disorientation, coma, and seizures.
Do you need a booster for Japanese encephalitis?
About Japanese encephalitis vaccination Primary immunisation should be completed at least one week prior to potential exposure to Japanese encephalitis virus. Once you have received both doses, you are protected against Japanese encephalitis for 12-24 months. After one year, you require a booster.
How common is Japanese encephalitis in Thailand?
Japanese Encephalitis Case from Thailand. Yes JE is rare – so far only 62 cases have been published in the medical literature in patients visiting risk areas from 1973 to 2013. Thailand was the place of exposure for more than one third of the cases.
What is the treatment for Japanese encephalitis?
Japanese Encephalitis can be fatal in 20% to 30% percent of cases and many survivors continue to have long-term neurologic, psychiatric, or cognitive problems. Treatment includes supportive care of symptoms. Use a repellent containing 20%-30% DEET or 20% Picaridin on exposed skin. Re-apply according to manufacturer’s directions.
Does ‘rare does not mean never’ in Thailand?
A recent report of a traveller contracting Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in Thailand highlights the fact that ‘rare does not mean never’. This chap had a very common itinerary: Upon arriving in Thailand, he visited Bangkok during two days where he stayed in a hotel.
What is the current situation in Thailand with HIV infection?
Risk is present throughout the country. Outbreaks occur mostly in the northern region (Chiang Mai valley) with sporadic cases reported from the areas of Sukhothai, the suburbs of Bangkok and Phitsanulok, as well as from the southern regions of the country. Transmission occurs all year with seasonal peaks from May to October in northern areas.