Where is brucellosis found in the world?
While brucellosis is rare in the United States, it is more common in other parts of the world, especially: Southern Europe, including Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Italy, Greece, Southern France. Eastern Europe. Mexico, South and Central America.
What is the epidemiology of brucellosis?
Worldwide, approximately 500,000 cases are reported annually , and there are an estimated 2.4 billion people at risk . All age groups are affected. The prevalence of brucellosis has been increasing due to growing international tourism, trade, and migration [8,9].
How many cases of brucellosis are there?
There are approximately 500,000 reported incident cases of human brucellosis annually; however, true incidence is estimated at 5,000,000 to 12,500,000 cases annually [11–13]….Table 1.
|Zoonotic Potential ||No reported infections|
How common is brucellosis in UK?
Brucellosis is a rare disease in the UK as it is a non-endemic country. Typically, most patients will have been exposed to infection in a Mediterranean or Middle Eastern country, but the range of countries with risk is changing. A detailed travel history is vital.
Which species is the most likely cause of brucellosis in humans?
Worldwide, Brucella melitensis is the most prevalent species causing human brucellosis, owing in part to difficulties in immunizing free-ranging goats and sheep.
What is most often affected in brucellosis?
Localized brucellosis causes inflammation of affected organs including the bones, skin, liver, genitourinary and gastrointestinal tracts, central nervous system and heart. One of the most frequent sites of localized infection is the lower back, causing inflammation and pain of the lumbar vertebrae (osteomyelitis).
When was brucellosis first discovered?
The disease we now know as brucellosis was first discovered in the 1850s in Malta. It came to the attention of British medical officers serving on the island after the Crimean War.
Where is Brucella canis endemic?
A special approach is required for diagnosis of Brucella discospondylitis (1–3). Brucella canis (B. canis) is a gram-negative, facultative intracellular coccobacillus which has been reported in many regions of the world and is considered endemic in Southern USA, in Central and South America and in Mexico (4–8). B.
Has brucellosis been eradicated in UK?
Brucellosis in Great Britain (GB) was eradicated in 1979 and OBF status was granted in 1985.
Which of the following is the most common source of human infection in the world?
The most common vector for human infection is the mosquito, which transmits malaria, West Nile virus, and yellow fever. Airborne transmission: Pathogens can also spread when residue from evaporated droplets or dust particles containing microorganisms are suspended in air for long periods of time.
Is there more than one type of brucellosis?
*Three types of the bacteria that cause brucellosis – Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis – are designated as select agents. This means that they have the potential to be developed as bioterrorism agents due to their ability to undergo aerosolization.
Who first discovered brucellosis?
Its modern name bears tribute to Sir David Bruce, the military physician who discovered the aetiologic agent, Brucella melitensis. Born to Scottish parents in Melbourne on May 29, 1855, Bruce returned to Scotland when he was five.
What is the global prevalence of brucellosis?
Brucellosis is found globally and is a reportable disease in most countries. It affects people of all ages and both sexes. In the general population, most cases are caused by the consumption of raw milk or its derivatives such as fresh cheese.
What is Brucellosis disease?
CDC – Home – Brucellosis Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. People can get the disease when they are in contact with infected animals or animal products contaminated with the bacteria. Animals that are most commonly infected include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, and dogs, among others.
What are the justifications for the prevention of brucellosis in animals?
he justificationsfor prevention of the introduction of brucellosis into populations of animals are the same as those for the control of the disease in populations which are already infected: economic benefits and the protection of public health. Brucellosis is a zoonosis with a strong correlation between animal and human diseases.
Where can I find data on brucellosis in animals?
1World animal health data, including brucellosis in animals and humans, are contained in Handistatus II and are also available in a hardcopy publication entitled World Animal Health.