Where in Africa is plantation agriculture practiced?
Large international firms run most of the successful plantations in Africa, including rubber plantations in LIBERIA and tobacco plantations in MALAWI, ZIMBABWE, and South Africa. Modern research and development have made these operations somewhat more efficient than earlier efforts.
How did agriculture develop in the West African region?
From 3000 BCE to 1000 BCE, the practice of farming spread across West Africa. These early farmers grew millet and sorghum. These plants were used for grain, and as fodder for cattle to eat. Later, they began growing a special strain of rice native to Africa.
Why is agriculture in West Africa?
West African Agriculture is at a turning point. The combination of strong demand growth, sustained economic growth, higher global agricultural prices, and an improved policy environment has generated the most conducive conditions for Agricultural growth in over 30 years.
Where is plantation agriculture most common?
Plantations exist on every continent possessing a tropical climate. The plantation system however is considerably older in tropical America than in Asia and Africa. The tropical areas of Latin America, Asia and Africa are the areas where plantation agriculture has been developed.
Where is plantation agriculture located?
Explanation: Plantation agriculture is defined by the production of one or more usually cash crops on a large swathe of land. It is most common in tropical climates where cash crops generally grow more naturally.
What is plantation agriculture?
Plantations are a type of commercial farming where a single crop of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton is grown. A large amount of labor and capital are required. The produce may be processed on the farm itself or in nearby factories.
What crops are grown in West Africa?
(2014) includes only major crops such as maize, rice and wheat; maize and rice being the only crops of the study grown in West Africa.
Which type of farming is popular in West Africa?
In the Sahelian zone, millet and sorghum are the predominant crops, transitioning to maize, groundnuts, and cowpeas farther south in the Sudanian zone. These food crops are among the top five harvested crops in the Sahelian countries — Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Chad.
Which crops are grown in plantation agriculture?
The major crops grown during plantation agriculture are Tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton. Major plantations are found in the tropical regions of the world.
What crops were grown on plantations?
Plantation economies rely on the export of cash crops as a source of income. Prominent crops included cotton, rubber, sugar cane, tobacco, figs, rice, kapok, sisal, and species in the genus Indigofera, used to produce indigo dye. The longer a crop’s harvest period, the more efficient plantations become.
What’s the difference between a farm and a plantation?
Typically, the focus of a farm was subsistence agriculture. In contrast, the primary focus of a plantation was the production of cash crops, with enough staple food crops produced to feed the population of the estate and the livestock.
What is an example of plantation agriculture?
The major crops grown during plantation agriculture are Tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton.
What is an African plantation farm?
In Africa, plantations are large farms that specialize in one or two crops grown for export. They produce many of the continent’s most important export crops such as coffee, cocoa, tea, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, and bananas.
What is a plantation system in Africa?
Plantation Systems. In Africa, plantations are large farms that specialize in one or two crops grown for export. They produce many of the continent’s most important export crops such as coffee, cocoa, tea, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, and bananas.
Where do Africa’s crops come from?
Today, the major part of Africa’s crops comes from small farms rather than from plantations. Even coffee and cocoa, once grown almost exclusively on plantations, are now primarily small-farm crops.
What is the type of Agriculture in West Africa?
West African agriculture ranges from nomadic pastoralism in the far north to root-crop and tree-crop systems in the south. In general, the crop-producing areas are roughly horizontal belts following bioclimatic zones (Bossard, 2009). In the Sahelian zone, millet and sorghum are the predominant crops,…