What was the original haplogroup from Europe?
Haplogroup I is the oldest major haplogroup in Europe and in all probability the only one that originated there (apart from very minor haplogroups like C1a2 and deep subclades of other haplogroups).
What is the original haplogroup?
The oldest haplogroup is haplogroup A00. This early-mid Paleolithic line comes from a group of people co-existing in Africa, Europe, and Asia. They belonged to multiple human types, including Homo erectus, Homo heidelbergensis, and even Neanderthals.
What haplogroup European?
Haplogroups associated with European or Middle Eastern descent are H, I, J, K, T, U, V, W and X (except the branch X2a which found among Native Americans).
Which top level haplogroup is the founder of Europeans and Asians?
The P clade is the parent of haplogroups Q and R, and is rarely found. It has been detected at low frequencies in the Caucasus and India [52,70]. Haplogroup Q is found in Asia, the Americas, Europe, and the Middle East.
What is the most ancient European Mitochondrial haplogroup?
It is generally accepted that the most ancient European mitochondrial haplogroup, U5, has evolved essentially in Europe.
How to resolve the phylogeny of the Czech haplogroup U5a?
To resolve the phylogeny of this haplogroup, we completely sequenced 113 mitochondrial genomes (79 U5a and 34 U5b) of central and eastern Europeans (Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Russians and Belorussians), and reconstructed a detailed phylogenetic tree, that incorporates previously published data.
Where did the U5b3 haplogroup come from?
“Mitochondrial haplogroup U5b3: a distant echo of the epipaleolithic in Italy and the legacy of the early Sardinians” (PDF). American Journal of Human Genetics. 84 (6): 814–21. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.05.004.
What is haplogroup U?
Haplogroup U is a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup (mtDNA). The clade arose from haplogroup R, likely during the early Upper Paleolithic.