What was the king of Iran called?

What was the king of Iran called?

Shah (/ʃɑː/; Persian: شاه, romanized: Šâh or Šāh, pronounced [ʃɒːh], transl. ‘king’) was a title given to the emperors and kings of Iran (historically known as “Persia” in the Western world).

Who ruled Iran in history?

One of the most dramatic changes in government in Iran’s history was seen with the 1979 Iranian Revolution where Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown and replaced by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

Who were the 3 Persian kings?

6th Century BC Kings Of Persia: Start Of The Achaemenid Empire

  • Cyrus the Great (r. 550-530 BC)
  • Cambyses II (r. 530-522 BC)
  • Darius I The Great (r. 522-486 BC)
  • Xerxes I (r. 485-465 BC)
  • Darius II (r. 424-404 BC)
  • Artaxerxes II (r. 404-358 BC)
  • Darius III (r. 336-330 BC)

Is Shah a Hindu name?

Indian (Gujarat, Rajasthan): Hindu (Bania, Vania) and Jain name, from Gujarati sah ‘merchant’ (from Sanskrit sadhu ‘honest’, ‘good’). This name was originally Sah; it appears to have been altered under the influence of the Persian word for ‘king’ (see 1).

Who was the first Shah of Iran?

Reza Shah Pahlavi
Reza Shah

Reza Shah Pahlavi
Reza Shah in the 1930s
Shah of Iran
Reign 15 December 1925 – 16 September 1941
Coronation 25 April 1926

How old is Iranian?

Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 7000 BC.

Who is a Persian king?

Cyrus the Great, also called Cyrus II, (born 590–580 bce, Media, or Persis [now in Iran]—died c. 529, Asia), conqueror who founded the Achaemenian empire, centred on Persia and comprising the Near East from the Aegean Sea eastward to the Indus River.

What is Shah in Islam?

Muslim: from the Persian royal title Shah ‘king’, ’emperor’.

Are Shah Jains?

In the Bundelkhand Jain community, the father-in-law (or son’s/daughter’s father-in-law) used to be called “sahaji”. Thus the words “Shah” etc. all indicate a respected member of the mercantile community. Today it is used by Gujarati business communities.

Who ruled Iran before 1925?

The Pahlavi dynasty (Persian: خاندان پهلوی) is the last Iranian royal dynasty, ruling for almost 54 years between 1925 and 1979.

Who was the last king of Iran?

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last king of Iran. Iran’s last shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who fled his country 40 years ago under pressure from massive street protests, was the “King of Kings” who came to be damned by his own people.

Who was the last Queen of Iran?

Her Imperial Majesty Empress Farah Pahlavi , the last queen of Iran following 2 500 years of imperial rule, is as still as a sculpture. I observe her quietly from the doorway as she appears to undulate between myth and reality.

Who is the current shah of Iran?

Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی‎; born 31 October 1960) is the last heir apparent to the defunct throne of the Imperial State of Iran and is the current head of the exiled House of Pahlavi . He is the older son of the late Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his third wife Farah Diba.

Who took control of Iran from Shah of Iran?

Faced with an army mutiny and violent demonstrations against his rule, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi , the leader of Iran since 1941, is forced to flee the country. Fourteen days later, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini , the spiritual leader of the Islamic revolution, returned after 15 years of exile and took control of Iran.