What should be assessed before NG tube insertion?

What should be assessed before NG tube insertion?

Always assess correct placement of the NG tube prior to infusing any fluids or tube feeds as per agency policy. Check location of external markings on the tube and colour of the PH of fluid aspirated from the tube. Routine evaluation will ensure the correct placement of the tube and reduce the risk of aspiration.

What are the nursing considerations before NGT feeding?

Nasogastric Tube/Orogastric Tube- Checking the Position Prior to accessing a NGT/OGT for any reason nursing staff members must ensure that the tube is located in the stomach. Coughing, vomiting and movement can move the tube out of the correct position. The position of the tube must be checked: Prior to each feed.

What position do you place the client in when inserting a NG tube?

Position patient sitting up at 45 to 90 degrees (unless contraindicated by the patient’s condition), with a pillow under the head and shoulders. This allows the NG tube to pass more easily through the nasopharynx and into the stomach.

Is inserting an NG tube a sterile procedure?

Insertion of a NG tube is a clean procedure, so the nurse must wash their hands before the procedure and put on non-sterile gloves and an apron (National Nurses Nutrition Group (NNNG) 2012). 2.

What is the most common complication in tube feeding?

The most frequent tube-related complications included inadvertent removal of the tube (broken tube, plugged tube; 45.1%), tube leakage (6.4%), dermatitis of the stoma (6.4%), and diarrhea (6.4%).

How do you confirm placement of NG tube?

To Check NG Tube Placement

  1. Attach an empty syringe to the NG tube and gently flush with air to clear the tube. Then pull back on the plunger to withdraw stomach contents.
  2. Empty the stomach contents on to all three squares on the pH testing paper and compare the colors with the label on the container.

What are the three ways to check for proper placement of a nasogastric tube?

Methods of confirming NG tube position

  1. Auscultation of air insufflated through the feeding tube (‘whoosh’ test)
  2. Testing the acidity/alkalinity of aspirate using blue litmus paper.
  3. Interpreting the absence of respiratory distress as an indicator of correct positioning.
  4. Monitoring bubbling at the end of the tube.

When do you insert a nasogastric tube?

Indications for Nasogastric Tube Insertion

  1. To decompress the stomach and gastrointestinal (GI) tract (ie, to relieve distention due to obstruction, ileus, or atony)
  2. To empty the stomach, for example, in patients who are intubated to prevent aspiration or in patients with GI bleeding to remove blood and clots.

When inserting a NG tube The nurse uses clean or sterile technique Why?

Clean, not sterile, technique is necessary because the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is not sterile. 6 Position client upright or in full Fowler’s position if possible.

What are the indications for inserting a nasogastric tube?


  • Evaluation of upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding (ie, presence, volume)
  • Aspiration of gastric fluid content.
  • Identification of the esophagus and stomach on a chest radiograph.
  • Administration of radiographic contrast to the GI tract.

How do you insert an NG tube?

Before an NG tube is inserted, it must be measured from the tip of the patient’s nose, loop around their ear and then down to roughly 5 cm below the xiphoid process. The tube is then marked at this level to ensure that the tube has been inserted far enough into the patient’s stomach.

How to insert a NG tube?

Put on gloves.

  • Explain the procedure to the patient.
  • Position the patient.
  • Examine the nostrils.
  • Measure the tube.
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  • What is the correct placement of an NG tube?

    This process is known as nasogastric (NG) intubation. During NG intubation, your doctor or nurse will insert a thin plastic tube through your nostril, down your esophagus, and into your stomach. Once this tube is in place, they can use it to give you food and medicine.

    How to place an NG tube?

    A nasogastric (NG) tube is a long, thin, flexible tube inserted through your nose and down into your stomach or small intestine. The size of your NG tube will depend on why you need it. Larger NG tubes are used to remove air or fluid from your stomach. Smaller tubes are used to give you liquid food or medicines.