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# What is the kinematic viscosity of seawater?

## What is the kinematic viscosity of seawater?

The dynamic viscosity of water is 8.90 × 10−4 Pa·s or 8.90 × 10−3 dyn·s/cm2 or 0.890 cP at about 25 °C. Water has a viscosity of 0.0091 poise at 25 °C, or 1 centipoise at 20 °C….Water – Density Viscosity Specific Weight.

Temperature [°C] Viscosity [mPa·s]
10 1.308
20 1.002
30 0.7978
40 0.6531

## Is water more viscous at the bottom of the ocean?

This paper shows that the viscosity decreases by a small amount with pressure, at most about 10% for a pressure at the bottom of the ocean, which is small compared to changes in viscosity with temperature. Also, the density of water is only a few percent higher at the bottom of the ocean.

How do temperature and density change with depth in the ocean?

Density is lowest at the surface, where the water is the warmest. As depth increases, there is a region of rapidly increasing density with increasing depth, which is called the pycnocline . The pycnocline coincides with the thermocline , as it is the sudden decrease in temperature that leads to the increase in density.

### How do you find the kinematic viscosity of water?

Simply multiply the kinematic viscosity of the liquid at a particular temperature by its density at that same temperature. For example, the kinematic viscosity and density of water at 78 °C is around 0.37344 mm2 per second and 0.973 grams per cm3, respectively.

### What temperature does seawater boil?

212 °F
At lower pressure or higher altitudes, the boiling point is lower. At sea level, pure water boils at 212 °F (100°C).

Does viscosity increase with depth?

In other words, depth increase results in temperature increase which results in lower viscosity but since oil has higher density and at higher pressure, viscosity can be lower.

#### How deep into the ocean can light penetrate in clear water?

Once it is within the water, light may be scattered or absorbed by solid particles. Most of the visible light spectrum is absorbed within 10 meters (33 feet) of the water’s surface, and almost none penetrates below 150 meters (490 feet) of water depth, even when the water is very clear.

#### How does depth affect water temperature?

Water gets colder with depth because cold, salty ocean water sinks to the bottom of the ocean basins below the less dense warmer water near the surface. The actual amount of heat generated per square meter of Earth is quite small, especially compared to the amount of heat necessary to warm the ocean.

What factors affect the temperature of seawater?

The temperature of ocean water is controlled by many factors. The factors affecting the temperature of ocean water are as follows:

• Latitude.
• Inequality in the distribution of water and land.
• Duration of day.
• Clear atmosphere.
• Distance of the earth from the sun.
• Number of sunspots.
• Oceanic Currents.

## Does kinematic viscosity change with temperature?

Kinematic Viscosity: Viscosity increases with temperature for gases and decreases with temperature for liquids. Kinematic viscosity is absolute viscosity divided by density, e.g. Kinematic viscosity at t 0 = absolute viscosity at t ° density at t o .

## What is kinematic viscosity in fluid mechanics?

Kinematic viscosity is a measure of a fluid’s internal resistance to flow under gravitational forces. It is determined by measuring the time in seconds, required for a fixed volume of fluid to flow a known distance by gravity through a capillary within a calibrated viscometer at a closely controlled temperature.

What is the viscosity of water at 20 degrees C?

At 20 degrees Celsius, the dynamic, or absolute, viscosity of water is 1.002*10-3, or 0.001002, Pa.s. The kinematic viscosity of water is 1.004*10-6, or 0.0001004 m2 s-1.

### How do you calculate dynamic viscosity?

Dynamic viscosity is the ratio of the stress on a region of fluid compared to the rate of change it undergoes. It is calculated by multiplying the kinematic viscosity of a fluid by the fluid’s density.

### What is the SI unit for dynamic viscosity?

The cgs physical unit for dynamic viscosity, the poise (P), is also named after Jean Poiseuille . It is more commonly expressed, particularly in ASTM standards , as centipoise (cP) since the latter is equal to the SI multiple millipascal seconds (mPa·s).

What is the coefficient of viscosity of water?

Coefficient of Viscosity. The Viscosity of a fluid described as the resistance of liquid. For example liquids like water, alcohol, petrol and more flow freely and faster than glycerin , honey, and oil. This is because of its physical property and is called viscosity.