What is the history of the kimono?
The first ancestor of the kimono was born in the Heian period (794-1192). Straight cuts of fabric were sewn together to create a garment that fit every sort of body shape. It was easy to wear and infinitely adaptable. By the Edo period (1603-1868) it had evolved into a unisex outer garment called kosode.
How many layers does a kimono have?
Traditionally the kimono was twelve layers, which is why it was named “juni-hitoe”–“juni” means 12 in Japanese. Since twelve layers is very heavy, it has since been reduced. It was a very unique experience. Especially since many Japanese people have never gotten to see the kimono in person, much less wear it.
What was Japonisme and how did it influence the arts?
The phenomenon came to be known as Japonisme as there was a sudden rise in interest in Japanese art after Japan re-commenced trade with the West in 1853, thus introducing their goods and culture to Europe. The prints depicted Kabuki theatre actors, landscapes, erotic scenes and many other aspects of Japanese culture.
What is Yamato e style?
Yamato-e, (Japanese: “Japanese painting”), style of painting important in Japan during the 12th and early 13th centuries. It is a Late Heian style, secular and decorative with a tradition of strong colour.
What are the parts of a kimono?
These terms refer to parts of a kimono:
- Dōura (胴裏): the upper lining of a kimono.
- Hakkake (八掛): the lower lining of a kimono.
- Eri (衿): the collar.
- Fuki (袘): the hem guard.
- Furi (振り): lit., “dangling” — the part of the sleeve left hanging below the armhole.
What is the thing on the back of a kimono?
An obi belt is a long decorative belt that is wrapped around the body to wear a Japanese kimono or yukata. They have no fastening, and instead are tied together in a bow or other attractive knot. Obi can be made from any fabric if it is strong enough to pull.
What is the under layer of a kimono called?
A kimono consists of twelve or more parts, which can make wearing them very complicated. The first layer is the underclothing. This consists of an inner kimono called the nagajuban. Under this, you may also wear a hadajuban, which is like an undershirt that prevents the nagajuban from becoming soiled.
What are the layers of a kimono called?
10 Kimono Layers
- Nagajuban. Kimono are difficult to clean.
- Datejime. An undersash that’s used to tie your Nagajuban.
- Kimono. Kimono are the outer layer of silk robe that’s visible to the world.
- Obi. An Obi is the wide silk sash that’s tied around the waist of your kimono.
What was the Japonisme craze?
Japonisme is a French term coined in the late nineteenth century to describe the craze for Japanese art and design in the West. James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Three Figures: Pink and Grey 1868–78. Tate. The term is generally said to have been coined by the French critic Philippe Burty in the early 1870s.
How long did Japonisme last?
Closed for Centuries The term Japonisme was coined to describe the powerful fascination with Japanese art that occurred in the West in the 19th century after Japanese ports reopened to Western trade in 1854, having been closed to the West for over 200 years.
What are the 4 types of Yamato-E?
Yamato-e very often depict narrative stories, with or without accompanying text, but also show the beauty of nature, with famous places meisho-e (名所絵) or the four seasons shiki-e (四季絵)….Artists
- Kose Kanaoka.
- Tosa Mitsuoki.
- Tosa Mitsunobu.
- Awataguchi Takamitsu.
What is the meaning of ya ma to E?
Definition of Yamato-e : a classical style of Japanese painting marked by shallow spatial illusion, bold colors, surface patterning, and stylized forms.