What is the flora and fauna of Sikkim?

What is the flora and fauna of Sikkim?

Flora and Fauna of Sikkim

Flora and Fauna No. of Species
Orchids 556
Rhododendrons 40
Flowering Plant 4500
Ferns & Fern allies 362

What is the famous fauna found in Sikkim?

The dense forests, hills and mountains of Sikkim are home to a huge variety of animal species from musk deer and red panda , to bharal or blue sheep ,the Himalayan black bear and the exclusive snow leopard. Due to enchroachments ,and climate change ,many of these are endangered and threatened.

How many types of flora are there in Sikkim?

Species wise, the State harbors over 5500 flowering plants, 557 Orchids, 38 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, 1681 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 568 Birds, 48 Fishes, and over 689 Butterflies and 7000 species of Moths.

How can we protect flora and fauna in Sikkim?

In the field of wildlife conservation, Sikkim State has progressed a great deal with the establishment of one huge National Park i.e. Khangchendzonga National Park, one Biosphere Reserve known as Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve and eight Wildlife Sanctuaries including one Faireanum Orchid Conservation Reserve, all …

What is Flora Fauna?

Flora is plant life; fauna refers to animals. Fauna derives from the name of a Roman goddess, but the handiest way to remember the difference between flora and fauna is that flora sounds like flowers, which are part of the plant world; fauna, however, sounds like “fawn,” and fawns are part of the animal kingdom.

What is the flora and fauna of Delhi?

An astonishing variety of wildlife, including 120 species of plants, 100 species of birds, 25 species of mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and an innumerable species of arthropods are known to inhibit the area.

Are leopards found in Sikkim?

Habitat and distribution Snow leopards live in the mountainous regions of central and southern Asia. In India, their geographical range encompasses a large part of the western Himalayas including the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in the eastern Himalayas.

Which is the major flora of Sikkim?

The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. Orchids, figs, laurel, bananas, sal trees and bamboo grow in the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests of the lower altitudes of Sikkim.

What are the major steps taken by Sikkim for the environment conservation and protection?

It banned the use of packaged drinking water in government offices and government events. Second, it banned the use of Styrofoam and thermocol disposable plates and cutlery in the entire state in a move to cut down toxic plastic pollution and tackle its ever-increasing garbage problem.

What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?

“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …

What is flora and fauna examples?

Soil mesofauna
Fauna/Representative species

What is flora and fauna conservation?

Wildlife conservation refers to the practice of protecting wild species and their habitats in order to maintain healthy wildlife species or populations and to restore, protect or enhance natural ecosystems.

How many species of flora and fauna are found in Sikkim?

Of the 353 species of flora and fauna discovered in the eastern Himalayan range between 1998 and 2008, Sikkim has generated 19 species comprising plants and fish, the WWF said in its report. The WWF surveyers also discovered 21 new species of orchids in the range of which five have been found in Sikkim, the report said.

What is the state animal of Sikkim?

The red panda is the state animal of Sikkim. The fauna of Sikkim include the snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, red panda, Himalayan marmot, Himalayan serow, Himalayan goral, muntjac, common langur, Asian black bear, clouded leopard, marbled cat, leopard cat, dhole, Tibetan wolf, hog badger, binturong, and Himalayan jungle cat.

What kind of plants are there in Sikkim?

Sikkim has approximately 5,000 blossoming plants, 515 extraordinary orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns & ferns’ allies, 8 tree ferns and more than 424 medicinal plants. The Rhododendron is acclaimed to be the state tree.

What are the key facts of Sikkim?

Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. Almost the entire state is hilly, with an elevation ranging from 280 metres (920 ft) in south at border with West Bengal to 8,586 metres (28,169 ft) in northern peaks near Nepal and Tibet.