What is Subtertian malaria?

What is Subtertian malaria?

Designating a form of malaria that has a periodicity which deviates somewhat from that of ordinary tertian malaria (usually by a shortening of the time between paroxysms), specifically that caused by Plasmodium falciparum; characteristic of or causing this form of malaria.

What is benign and malignant malaria?

Malaria is also divided into two general types: benign malaria and malignant malaria. Benign malaria is typically milder and easier to treat. The five main species of the Plasmodium parasite that cause malaria in humans are: P. falciparum: This is a malignant form of malaria and can be very severe, and sometimes fatal.

What is congenital malaria?

Congenital malaria is defined as malarial parasites demonstrated in the peripheral smear of the newborn from twenty four hours to seven days of life [1]. Clinically apparent congenital malaria is rare in areas in which malaria is endemic and levels of maternal antibody are high.

What is Tertian fever?

Quick Reference. Fever that recurs every third day, i.e., with bouts of fever at 48-hour intervals, that characteristically occurs with Plasmodium vivax malaria.

What is malignant Tertian?

Malignant tertian (P falciparum), in which the cold stage is less pronounced and the fever stage is more prolonged and intensified (if the fever is recurring it occurs every 2nd day). However, the fever is usually continuous or only briefly remittent. There is no wet stage.

What is a benign Tertian fever?

Plasmodium vivax usually causes an acute self-limiting febrile illness with fever spikes on every third day and no complications or death. Therefore the illness caused by this parasite was termed benign tertian malaria.

What is benign Quartan malaria?

Quartan fever is a form of malaria where an onset of fever occurs in an interval of three to four days, hence the name “quartan.” It is transmitted by bites of infected female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.

What causes congenital malaria?

falciparum in which only the young parasite stages appear in peripheral blood smears. Congenital malaria is caused by blood-stage malaria parasites that are transmitted from mother to child.

Is congenital malaria possible?

Although malaria is endemic in India, congenital malaria is not very common. Congenital malaria is a very rare condition in both endemic and nonendemic areas. We report a case of congenital malaria in a six-day-old neonate with fever and splenomegaly.

What is Quartan fever?

What are the symptoms of malaria?

The most characteristic symptom of malaria is fever. Other common symptoms include chills, headache, myalgias, nausea, and vomiting. Diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cough are occasionally seen.

What is the medical term for malaria?

ma·lar·i·a (mă-lār’ē-ă), A disease caused by the presence of the sporozoan Plasmodiumin human or other vertebrate erythrocytes, usually transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus Anophelesthat previously sucked blood from a person with malaria.

What happens if malaria is not treated?

When it bites, the mosquito injects malaria parasites into the person’s bloodstream. If it isn’t treated, malaria can cause severe health problems such as seizures, brain damage, trouble breathing, organ failure and death. The disease is rare in the United States.

What is the pathophysiology of malaria?

Pathogenesis The fever and chills of malaria are associated with the rupture of erythrocytic-stage schizonts. In severe falciparum malaria, parasitized red cells may obstruct capillaries and postcapillary venules, leading to local hypoxia and the release of toxic cellular products.