What is social stratification and inequality?
Social stratification implies social inequality; if some groups have access to more resources than others, the distribution of those resources is inherently unequal. In the United States, the most widely recognized stratification systems are based on race, social class, and gender.
What is the difference between inequality and stratification?
Stratification and inequality are among the most central concepts in sociology, and although related, they are fundamentally distinct: inequality refers to the extent to which resources are distributed unevenly across individuals or between population subgroups, whereas stratification refers to the extent to which …
Does stratification cause inequality?
Society is stratified into social classes based on individuals’ socioeconomic status, gender, and race. Stratification results in inequality when resources, opportunities, and privileges are distributed based on individuals’ positions in the social hierarchy.
What is social inequality examples?
Areas of social inequality include access to voting rights, freedom of speech and assembly, the extent of property rights and access to education, health care, quality housing, traveling, transportation, vacationing and other social goods and services.
Is social stratification and social inequality the same?
The term social inequality refers to the existence of socially created inequalities. Social stratification means structured inequalities between different groupings of people.
What’s the difference between social stratification and social class?
Social stratification refers to the ranking of individuals along a continuum of economic or cultural attributes such as income or years of education. Social class is defined by relations of ownership or control over productive resources (i.e. physical, financial, organizational).
How social stratification causes inequality?
Social stratification implies social inequality; if some groups have access to more resources than others, the distribution of those resources is inherently un- equal.
How do social differences lead to social inequality?
Many differences are linked to social categories such as social class, gender, ethnicity, age, religion and disability. They indicate not only different life style decisions but fundamental inequalities of life chances and are responsible for systematic inequalities in income, health and life expectancy.