What is congenital Dyserythropoietic anemia?
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) is an inherited blood disorder that affects the development of red blood cells. This disorder is one of many types of anemia , which is a condition characterized by a shortage of red blood cells.
What is a characteristic finding in CDA congenital Dyserythropoietic anemia Type 3?
Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia Type III CDA type III is characterized by a mild to moderate macrocytic anemia, bone marrow erythroid hyperplasia, and the presence of dysplastic, giant erythroid precursor cells with one or multiple nuclei.
How is congenital Dyserythropoietic anemia treated?
What are the treatments for CDA?
- blood transfusions and apheresis.
- medications, such as iron chelating agents or interferon alpha-2A (only in CDA type I)
- selected surgical procedures (removal of the spleen and/or gallbladder), when required.
What causes congenital anemia?
A maternal history of bacterial, viral (rubella, cytomegalovirus [CMV], herpes simplex virus [HSV], coxsackievirus, adenovirus), toxoplasma, or spirochetal or fungal infection during pregnancy can cause a hemolytic anemia and/or impaired red cell production in infancy.
How is CDA type 2?
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II (CDA II) is the most common form of CDA (see this term) characterized by anemia, jaundice and splenomegaly and often leading to liver iron overload and gallstones.
Is CDA curable?
While CDA is not curable, it is fairly straightforward to manage. Your veterinarian will determine the best way to proceed. Management may involve shampoos, rinses, and/or ointments to manage dry skin, scaling or superficial infections.
What is the difference between anemia and polycythemia?
The World Health Organization (WHO) classification was used to define anemia and polycythemia as follows. Males with hemoglobin values less than 13 g/dL were classified as anemic, and those with values greater than 16.5 g/dL or hematocrit greater than 49 percent were categorized as having polycythemia [7-8].
Does thalassemia trait cause anemia?
Thalassemia (thal-uh-SEE-me-uh) is an inherited blood disorder that causes your body to have less hemoglobin than normal. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen. Thalassemia can cause anemia, leaving you fatigued.
What is congenital dyserythropoietic anemia?
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) is an inherited blood disorder that affects the development of red blood cells. This disorder is one of many types of anemia, which is a condition characterized by a shortage of red blood cells.
What is dyserythropoiesis and what causes CDA?
The genetic changes responsible for CDA disrupt the normal development of red blood cells, a process called erythropoiesis. The term “dyserythropoietic” in the name of this condition means abnormal red blood cell formation.
What is the prognosis of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (cda1)?
The long-term outlook (prognosis) for people with congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type 1 (CDA1) is usually good, even if life expectancy is slightly reduced in some cases. Iron overload complications can be fatal if untreated. Yearly iron overload check ups are recommended.
What is CDA Type II anemia?
The anemia associated with CDA type II can range from mild to severe, and most affected individuals have jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, and the formation of hard deposits in the gallbladder called gallstones. This form of the disorder is usually diagnosed in adolescence or early adulthood.