What is an insecticide treated net?

What is an insecticide treated net?

An insecticide-treated net (ITN) is a net (usually a bed net), designed to block mosquitoes physically, that has been treated with safe, residual insecticide for the purpose of killing and repelling mosquitoes, which carry malaria.

How much do insecticide bed nets cost?

A long-lasting insecticide-treated bed net costs an average of $5 and protects up to three children.

Are insecticide treated nets effective?

Insecticide‐treated nets reduce child mortality from all causes by 17% compared to no nets (rate ratio 0.83, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.89; 5 trials, 200,833 participants, high‐certainty evidence). This corresponds to a saving of 5.6 lives (95% CI 3.6 to 7.6) each year for every 1000 children protected with ITNs.

How long does an insecticide treated net last?

Long-Lasting Insecticide-Treated Nets LLINs last longer than conventional insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs), maintaining their biological efficacy for approximately 3 years, but still need to be replaced regularly.

Are insecticide treated nets harmful to humans?

All Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) contain pyrethroids – the only group of insecticides recommended by the World Health Organization for use on mosquito nets.

How do you use insecticide treated nets?

Mix one dose of insecticide with water to treat one net of any size. Be sure to use only those insecticides that are recommended for mosquito nets. Do not wring too hard – as when washing clothes – or you will lose the insecticide. Later, you can also hang up the treated net to finish drying.

Do bug nets work?

Mosquito nets keep bugs out best when pretreated with a pyrethroid insecticide. Long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets (LLINs), however, maintain their effectiveness for up to three years. These are regularly distributed through malarious areas and have been associated with a sharp decrease in cases of malaria.

How effective are malaria nets?

The most effective means of preventing malaria is sleeping under a mosquito net, specifically a long-lasting insecticide treated net (LLIN). Every ~600 nets we put over heads and beds, one child doesn’t die and 500 to 1,000 cases of malaria are prevented.

Can bed bugs crawl through mosquito nets?

Insect repellents designed to protect against mosquitoes or ticks aren’t very effective against bedbugs. Mosquito netting. Bed nets impregnated with the pesticide permethrin may help protect sleepers against bedbug bites. However, this practice may be helping bedbugs develop resistance to this pesticide.

What are insecticide treated bed nets used for?

Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets. Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) are a form of personal protection that has been shown to reduce malaria illness, severe disease, and death due to malaria in endemic regions.

How long does insecticide-treated netting last?

The insecticide in ITNs breaks down when the material is washed or constantly exposed to sunlight. Some ITNs need to be replaced every six months, while newer versions last up to three years. ITNs that last three years are called LLIN s, or long-lasting insecticide-treated nets.

Do bed nets kill mosquitoes?

Bed nets form a protective barrier around people sleeping under them. However, bed nets treated with an insecticide are much more protective than untreated nets. The insecticides that are used for treating bed nets kill mosquitoes, as well as other insects. The insecticides also repel mosquitoes,…

What is the cost of insecticide per net treated?

We assume that 75% of conventional nets are successfully retreated annually at a cost of USD 0.64 per net treated. Our literature search revealed two small-scale studies which report a cost of USD 0.8 – 0.9 per retreatment [19,45]. Five other studies report the commodity cost of insecticide [14,36,39,46,47].