What does utilitarian philosophy mean?

What does utilitarian philosophy mean?

utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or …

Which Greek word does utilitarianism?

Bentham’s Utilitarianism is consequentialist because the moral value of an action or event is determined entirely by the consequences of that event. The theory is also described as teleological for the same reason, based on the Greek word telos that means “end” or “purpose”.

What does Plato say about utilitarianism?

Robin Barrow argues that utilitarianism is the only acceptable ethical theory, and was recognized to be such by Plato. The Republic teaches that happiness is the end of action and the supreme good, and that educational and social policy should be aimed at enabling everyone to obtain happiness.

What does Aristotle say about utilitarianism?

Aristotle believes that the reason man acts morally is because that is what he is supposed to do, simply because completing his proper function requires such action. The utilitarian, in favor of an empirical view of ethics, looks at what man obviously desires: happiness.

What does utilitarian mean in law?

In Jurisprudence, a philosophy whose adherents believe that law must be made to conform to its most socially useful purpose. Although utilitarians differ as to the meaning of the word useful, most agree that a law’s utility may be defined as its ability to increase happiness, wealth, or justice.

What does utilitarian mean in art?

Utilitarian art is art that has function as its priority, and yet is still aesthetically pleasing.

What is classical utilitarianism?

Classical utilitarianism is the ethical theory on which the rightness of actions (or rules, policies, etc.) depends on, and only on, the sum total of happiness over suffering they produce.

Why is utilitarianism the best ethical theory?

Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).

What is Immanuel Kant’s ethical theory?

Kant’s ethics are organized around the notion of a “categorical imperative,” which is a universal ethical principle stating that one should always respect the humanity in others, and that one should only act in accordance with rules that could hold for everyone. …

Is Kant a utilitarian?

Kant’s theory would not have been utilitarian or consequentialist even if his practical recommendations coincided with utilitarian commands: Kant’s theory of value is essentially anti-utilitarian; there is no place for rational contradiction as the source of moral imperatives in utilitarianism; Kant would reject the …