What does OSHA look for in an inspection?
An OSHA inspection will place an emphasis on OSHA’s posting and recordkeeping requirements. The compliance officer will want to see the records of deaths, injuries, and illnesses that you are required to keep. This is the OSHA Log of Injuries and Illnesses, also known as the OSHA Form 300.
At what depth does OSHA require shoring?
Trenches 5 feet (1.5 meters) deep or greater require a protective system unless the excavation is made entirely in stable rock. If less than 5 feet deep, a competent person may determine that a protective system is not required.
Which of the following is an evacuation hazard OSHA?
In addition, a wide variety of emergencies, both man-made and natural, may require a workplace to be evacuated. These emergencies may include explosions, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, hazardous/toxic material releases, radiological and biological accidents, civil disturbances and workplace violence.
What are the three main protection methods against cave ins?
To prevent cave-ins:
- SLOPE or bench trench walls.
- SHORE trench walls with supports, or.
- SHIELD trench walls with trench boxes.
What injury might you get if you are caught in a trench cave-in?
Trench cave-ins often result in death for the trapped workers. When they survive, workers may suffer crush injuries, traumatic brain injuries (TBI), internal injuries, spinal cord injuries, broken bones and a host of other serious injuries.
What is the safest way to get into and out of a deep excavation?
Prevent people and materials falling in – with barriers strong enough not to collapse if someone falls against them. Keep plant and materials away from the edge. Avoid underground services – use relevant service drawings, service locating devices and safe digging practice. Provide ladder access to get in and out.
Which types of objects can contribute to caught in or caught between incidence?
Avoiding OSHA’s Fatal Four – Caught-In/Between Hazards
- Caught-in/Between Hazards. Caught-in or caught-between accidents occur when someone is caught, crushed, squeezed, compressed or pinched between two or more objects.
- Power Tools & Machinery Accidents.
- Heavy Equipment Accidents.
- Trenching Accidents.
What should you do if a cave-in occurs?
Shielding involves using trench boxes also known as trench shields or other supports to protect workers inside a trench from collapsing soil if a cave-in occurs. The competent person should pick a trench box that is right for the soil type and all other site conditions.
Why is it necessary to be safety conscious?
We all know that safety consciousness is the most potent factor in the prevention of accidents. Safety consciousness may be defined as awareness of hazards and alertness to danger. This has a strong influence on the actions of an individual because of his desire to remain alive and uninjured.
What are the major types of caught in and caught between hazards in construction?
“Caught in-between” hazards kill workers in a variety of ways. These include: cave-ins and other hazards of excavation work; body parts pulled into unguarded machinery; standing within the swing radius of cranes and other construction equipment; caught between equipment & fixed objects.
Why are cave-ins so dangerous?
Trenches literally are filled with a variety of potential safety and environmental hazards. Cave-ins perhaps are the most feared trenching hazard as one cubic yard of soil can weigh as much as a car. Asphyxiation due to lack of oxygen in a confined space is a major risk. So are inhalation of toxic fumes and drowning.
What is the most dangerous hazard in using scaffold planks?
Building scaffolding for work projects can present numerous serious hazards to employees. According to OSHA, injuries related to scaffolds include falls, tip-overs, being struck by falling equipment, and coming into contact with energized power lines.
What are some common causes of cave-ins?
Here are five factors that cause cave-in trench accidents:
- Inadequate Protection Systems in Place. A vertical wall of soil is generally unstable.
- Stress Loading the Soil.
- Excavated Materials Located Too Close to the Trench.
- Failure to Inspect the Trench before Each Shift and after Weather Events.
What is a caught in and caught between hazard?
According to OSHA, caught-in or – between hazards are defined as: Injuries resulting from a person being squeezed, caught, crushed, pinched, or compressed between two or more objects, or between parts of an object.
What is the greatest danger associated with excavations?
- The greatest risk in an excavation is a cave-in.
- Employees can be protected through sloping, shielding, and shoring the excavation.
- A competent person is responsible to inspect the excavation.
- Other excavation hazards include water accumulation, oxygen deficiency, toxic fumes, falls, and mobile equipment.
What is a caught in incident?
A caught in or crushed incident is an incident that has resulted from a person being squeezed, caught, crushed, pinched, or compressed between two or more objects or parts of an object. This includes any combination of moving and stationary objects or parts.
What is a competent person according to OSHA?
An OSHA “competent person” is defined as “one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them” [29 CFR 1926.32(f)].
Why is it important to observe safety precaution in playing games?
Answer: Half of all of those injuries can be prevented with proper use of safety gear and changes to the playing environment. Following sports rules can help prevent injuries, too. Lack of education and awareness about safety precautions and potential injury.
How do cave-ins happen?
A cave-in occurs when walls of an excavation collapse. With no support, eventually the laws of gravity take over, and the soil from the excavation walls move downward and inward into the excavation. The result is a cave-in.
What is the number one scaffold hazard?
One final hazard that comes from working on a scaffold is a lack of training among employees. There are specific ways to climb, move, and work on scaffolds that minimize injury, but if workers aren’t trained properly, they will be more prone to accidents.
What triggers an OSHA investigation?
OSHA regulations require that employers report a workplace fatality or reportable serious injury (hospitalization, amputation, loss of eye) to the Agency within certain short time frames. A fatality must be reported to OSHA within 8 hours which will always trigger an inspection.
What is the best way to ensure that OSHA will conduct a site inspection?
Question: If You Think A Hazard Is Serious, What Is The Best Way To Ensure That OSHA Will Conduct A Site Inspection? Select The Best Option Submit A Complaint Online Submit A Complaint Over The Phone Fill Out Most Of A Report And Mail It To OSHA Mail A Fully Complete And Signed Report To OSHA.