What are the complications of nephrectomy?

What are the complications of nephrectomy?

Possible complications of nephrectomy surgery include:

  • Infection.
  • Bleeding (hemorrhage) requiring blood transfusion.
  • Post-operative pneumonia.
  • Rare allergic reactions to anesthesia.
  • Death.

What are indications for nephrectomy?

Indications for nephrectomy include kidney cancer, severe trauma to the kidney and benign disease such as symptomatic hydronephrosis, chronic infection, polycystic kidney disease, shrunken kidney, hypertension or renal calculus. The most common type of kidney cancer is renal cell cancer.

What is a simple nephrectomy?

Kidney removal, or nephrectomy, is surgery to remove all or part of a kidney. It may involve: Part of one kidney removed (partial nephrectomy). All of one kidney removed (simple nephrectomy). Removal of one entire kidney, surrounding fat, and the adrenal gland (radical nephrectomy).

What is the main indication for radical nephrectomy in adults?

A radical nephrectomy is a type of inpatient surgery where your entire kidney is removed, as well as the fat surrounding it, and sometimes the adrenal gland and lymph nodes. You might have this procedure because you have a kidney disease or injury, kidney cancer, or because you’re donating your kidney.

What is total nephrectomy?

Total nephrectomy means that an entire kidney is taken out of the body. The human body has two kidneys. If one entire kidney must be taken out, the other kidney can often keep things running smoothly alone.

Is renal cell carcinoma fatal?

Renal cell carcinoma life expectancy (survival rate) The American Cancer Society suggests that the prognosis is good for patients diagnosed with stage I or stage II RCC (81% and 74% respective five-year survival rates).

Which kidney is more important?

The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body. Unlike the other abdominal organs, the kidneys lie behind the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity and are thus considered to be retroperitoneal organs.

Is nephrectomy a high risk surgery?

Risks. Nephrectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, nephrectomy carries a potential risk of complications, such as: Bleeding.

What are the types of nephrectomy?

There are three types of nephrectomy.

  • Partial Nephrectomy. During a partial nephrectomy, only the damaged or diseased part of the kidney is removed.
  • Simple Nephrectomy. A simple nephrectomy involves the removal of an entire kidney.
  • Radical Nephrectomy.

How long does it take to recover from radical nephrectomy?

Recovering from kidney removal most often takes around 3 to 6 weeks. You may have some of these symptoms: Pain in your belly or on the side where you had the kidney removed.

What happens after nephrectomy?

After a nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy, you may have overall normal kidney function. To preserve normal kidney function, your doctor may recommend that you eat a healthy diet, engage in daily physical activity and attend regular checkups to monitor your kidney health.

How is simple nephrectomy used to treat renovascular hypertension?

Simple nephrectomy is also indicated to treat renovascular hypertension due to noncorrectable renal artery disease or severe unilateral parenchymal damage caused by nephrosclerosis, pyelonephritis, reflux dysplasia, or congenital dysplasia of the kidney.

When is nephrectomy indicated in the treatment of nephropathy?

Nephrectomy has many indications, for both simple and radical approaches. A simple nephrectomy is indicated in patients with irreversible kidney damage due to symptomatic chronic infection, obstruction, calculus disease, or severe traumatic injury.

How is nephrectomy performed in laparoscopic laparoscopy?

Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy. Pneumoperitoneum is established through either a closed technique with a Veress needle or an open technique with a Hasson cannula or hand port. [19] Insufflation of the peritoneum should be maintained at the lowest pressure feasible to enhance renal blood flow intraoperatively.

How is dondonor nephrectomy done?

Donor nephrectomy is done via either a laparoscopic or an open surgical approach. This article describes the 2 most common approaches: transperitoneal laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) and microinvasive open donor nephrectomy (MDN). Laparoscopic surgery takes longer than open nephrectomy but provides a more rapid recovery for the donor.