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# What are the basics of projectile motion?

## What are the basics of projectile motion?

A projectile is an object upon which the only force is gravity. Gravity acts to influence the vertical motion of the projectile, thus causing a vertical acceleration. The horizontal motion of the projectile is the result of the tendency of any object in motion to remain in motion at constant velocity.

### What are the major components of a projectile motion?

There are the two components of the projectile’s motion – horizontal and vertical motion. And since perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other, these two components of motion can (and must) be discussed separately.

#### What is G in projectile motion?

Gravity provides a constant acceleration g towards the center of the Earth (the negative y-direction). Since gravity acts vertically, there is no acceleration in the horizontal (x) direction. This special type of two-dimensional motion is called projectile motion.

What is the purpose of projectile motion?

Projectile motion, for our purposes, is the motion of an object that has been launched and then is subject to only the force of gravity and the force of air friction. The Newtonian mechanics principles that you have been studying allow you to predict this type of motion quite well.

Where is projectile motion used?

In real life, the projectile motion finds applications in sports. Playing basketball, football is examples of projectile motion in real life. While throwing a basketball into the basket, the player shoots the ball in such a way that the flight taken by the ball is in the form of a parabola.

## What is maximum height in projectile motion?

Maximum height of the object is the highest vertical position along its trajectory. The object is flying upwards before reaching the highest point – and it’s falling after that point. It means that at the highest point of projectile motion, the vertical velocity is equal to 0 (Vy = 0).

### What is the formula of height in projectile motion?

h = v 0 y 2 2 g . This equation defines the maximum height of a projectile above its launch position and it depends only on the vertical component of the initial velocity.

#### How is VX calculated?

Projectile motion equations

1. Horizontal velocity component: Vx = V * cos(α)
2. Vertical velocity component: Vy = V * sin(α)
3. Time of flight: t = 2 * Vy / g.
4. Range of the projectile: R = 2 * Vx * Vy / g.
5. Maximum height: hmax = Vy² / (2 * g)

What are the three types of projectile motion?

Types of Projectile Motion. Horizontal Projectile- If projected horizontally with a certain velocity at a certain height. Oblique Projectile- If projected with a certain angle with horizontal.

How do you solve projectile motion problems?

Projectiles are motions involving two dimensions. To solve projectile motion problems, take two directions perpendicular to each other (typically, we use the “horizontal” and the “vertical” directions) and write all vector quantities (displacements, velocities, accelerations) as components along each of these directions.

## What is a projectile motion in physics?

Projectile motion is a physical phenomenon that occurs when an object is projected by a force that stops exerting influence on the object after it has been launched.

### What causes projectile motion?

Projectile motion is caused by gravity’s effect on the path of any object that is launched or thrown, according to HowStuffWorks. Projectile motion has both horizontal and vertical components. The horizontal component is due to the velocity of the object, while the vertical component is due to the force…