What are the 4 principal dialects of French spoken in France during the Middle Ages?

What are the 4 principal dialects of French spoken in France during the Middle Ages?

Dialects or variants of Old French include:

  • Burgundian in Burgundy, then an independent duchy whose capital was at Dijon;
  • Picard of Picardy and Romance Flanders, with Lille, Amiens and Arras as some of the more prominent cities.
  • Old Norman, in Normandy, whose principal cities were Caen and Rouen.

What language came before French?

The Birth of the French Language: It All Begins in Gaul When Gaul was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, the Gaulish language (which was a Celtic language) came under attack-hence the true meaning of a ‘Romance language’ as “to speak in Roman fashion.”

Which language was first English or French?

English has its roots in the Germanic languages, from which German and Dutch also developed, as well as having many influences from romance languages such as French. (Romance languages are so called because they are derived from Latin which was the language spoken in ancient Rome.)

What language was spoken in 9th century France?

Frankish language

Frankish
Era c. 5th to 9th century, gradually evolved into Old Dutch, dissolved with other West Germanic varieties into Old High German, and influenced Old French as a superstrate.
Language family Indo-European Germanic West Germanic Istvaeonic Frankish
Writing system Elder Futhark (not widely used)

What was Charlemagne’s ethnicity?

Charlemagne (c. 742-814), also known as Karl and Charles the Great, was a medieval emperor who ruled much of Western Europe from 768 to 814. In 771, Charlemagne became king of the Franks, a Germanic tribe in present-day Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and western Germany.

Are the Franks French or German?

Frank, member of a Germanic-speaking people who invaded the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. Dominating present-day northern France, Belgium, and western Germany, the Franks established the most powerful Christian kingdom of early medieval western Europe. The name France (Francia) is derived from their name.

What is the most widely spoken second language in the world?

Mandarin
When native and non-native speakers are added together, Mandarin is the second most spoken language in the world. However, it is the first if only native speakers are taken into account. Mandarin is not really a language, but a set of dialects of the Chinese language.