What are the 3 types of infinitives in French?

What are the 3 types of infinitives in French?

In French, there are three main groups of infinitive endings:

  • -er such as manger (to eat).
  • -ir such as finir (to finish).
  • -re such as vendre (to sell)

What is an infinitive in French example?

An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell).

What is an infinitive preposition?

Difference Between Infinitive and Prepositional Phrase An infinitive begins with a particle “to,” which comes before a verb, such as, “He wants to play.” A prepositional phrase, on the other hand, begins with a preposition “to,” which comes before a noun, such as, “He went to school.”

What French verbs take prepositions?

The following verbs are followed by the preposition à:

  • aider (help)
  • s’amuser (have fun)
  • apprendre (learn to)
  • commencer (begin)
  • consister (consist)
  • continuer (continue)
  • se décider (decide)
  • encourager (encourage)

Is jouer an infinitive?

To form the present participle of jouer, add -ant to the verb stem. The result is jouant….Conjugating the French Verb Jouer.

(tu) joue
(nous) jouons
(vous) jouez

What is imperative in French?

The imperative, (l’impératif in French) is used to give commands, orders, or express wishes, like ‘Stop!’ , ‘Listen!’ For all verbs, the imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the present indicative, but without subject pronouns. The lack of a subject pronoun is what identifies the imperative mood.

How do you identify an infinitive in French?

The infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of a verb, sometimes called the name of the verb. In English, the infinitive is the word “to” followed by a verb: “to talk,” “to see,” “to return.” The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre.

What’s the difference between infinitive and preposition?

If you are reading some English, you can usually see the answer to this question. If to is followed immediately by a simple verb, it is part of an infinitive. If to is followed by a noun construction, it is a preposition. That’s the easy and recognizable part.

How do you identify infinitives?

An infinitive is formed from a verb but doesn’t act as a verb. It acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb, and it is actually made up of two words: to + verb. These two words act together as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Words that are formed from verbs but don’t act as verbs are called verbals.

Does Aimer take a preposition?

Common forms are as follows: verbs followed by no preposition: aimer, aimer mieux, aller, croire, désirer, devoir, faire, espérer, laisser.

Does passer TAKE A or DE?

and using avoir: Nous avons passé une bonne semaine… The verb ‘passer’ is intransitive, meaning it doesn’t have an object following the verb and it takes ‘être’. Passer has an object, ‘une bonne semaine’, it is a transitive verb and takes ‘avoir’.

What is verb aller?

Go to French Verb. Aller is one of the most common and useful French verbs and has irregular conjugations in most tenses and moods. Aller literally means “to go” and is required to create the near future.

What is the infinitive preposition in French?

The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. à (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning.

What are the rules for using infinitives in French?

Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. This lesson includes common verbs that you will likely use on a regular basis. You can follow any of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives.

What is the infinitive used for?

The infinitive may be used to complete the sense of an adjective or a pronoun. Generally infinitives following a noun or adjective are preceded by the preposition de.

What should be followed by de when an infinitive comes next?

Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. This lesson includes common verbs that you will likely use on a regular basis.