How does NaOH affect the solubility of benzoic acid Why?

How does NaOH affect the solubility of benzoic acid Why?

how does NaOH affect the solubility of benzoic acid in water? the salt created in the reaction is more polar than benzoic acid, increasing its solubility in water.

What happens when you mix sodium hydroxide and benzoic acid?

Benzoic acid and NaOH reaction Benzoic acid reacts with aqueous NaOH to sodium benzoate salt. That tells us, sodium benzoate is soluble in water due to forming positive and negative ions.

Is benzoic acid soluble in 5% NaOH?

1) Aromatic acids like benzoic acid and salicylic acid are NOT soluble in water. But they are soluble in 5% NaOH, and 5% NaHCO3. Due to having a large hydrcarbon part (which is hydrophobic), it is understandable that aromatic acids won’t dissolve in water. But why would they dissolve in base solvents.

Is carboxylic acid soluble in NaOH?

Carboxylic acids are acidic enough to dissolve in both 10% NaOH and NaHCO3. Phenols, ArOH, are weak acids and most phenols will not dissolve in 10% NaHCO3.

Why is benzoic acid more soluble in NaOH than water?

FREE Expert Solution While NaOH is a strong base, it will attack the weak acid and form a salt. Also, benzoic acid is made up of a benzene ring, comprised of Carbons and Hydrogens, this makes the molecule less polar and causes the low solubility in water, which is very polar.

Is sodium hydroxide polar or nonpolar?

In alkali metal hydroxides, such as NaOH, the Na-O bond is most polar. The electronegativity difference between sodium and oxygen is larger than that between oxygen and hydrogen.

Why is NaHCO3 used in extraction?

Answer: It is important to use aqueous NaHCO3 and not NaOH. This is because NaHCO3 will deprotonate only the benzoic acid, allowing it to go into the aqueous layer while the phenol is left behind in the organic layer.

Why is salicylic acid soluble in NaOH?

That’s because salicylic acid contains both a carboxylic acid group and a phenol. Both of them are acidic enough to lose a proton to NaOH. The first equivalent of NaOH will remove the carboxylic acid proton.

Is benzoic acid soluble in 10 NaOH?

So there is no real dissolving but reacting going on, hence no solubility of the benzoic acid ( solution) in NaOH solution. This is a simple acid/base neutralization.

Why Is carboxylic acid soluble in NaOH?

Sodium hydroxide is a strong base that ionizes strong or weak (Figure 2 Solubility flowchart) acids. Thus, both carboxylic acids and phenols are converted to salts and dissolve in aqueous solution.

Does carboxylic acid react with sodium hydroxide?

Carboxylic acids react with NaOH and give R-COO-Na+. This is a reaction of weak acid and a strong alkali.As an example, ethanoic acid(CH3COOH) reacts with NaOH(aq) and give sodium ethanoate and water as products.

What is the solubility of benzoic acid in NaOH solution?

The solubility of benzoic acid in an aqueous NaOH solution is simply the solubility of sodium benzoate in water, a bit over 60 g of sodium benzoate per 100 ml.

What happens when you mix benzoic acid and sodium hydroxide?

This is a simple acid/base neutralization. A stoichiometric mixture of a solution of benzoic acid with sodium hydroxide is sodium benzoate and water. Since it is a acid-base reaction…so being a neutralisation reaction here v will get salt …..sodium salt of benzoic acid + water..

Why is benzoic acid more soluble in hot water than alkaline?

Also, more energy is present to drive the dissociation of benzoic acid forward, as it is endothermic, thus benzoic acid becomes more soluble in hot water. In alkaline medium, benzoic acid becomes soluble.

Why does sodium benzoate have an ionic bond?

As to why, sodium benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid, and it has an ionic bond between the sodium ion and the organic acid group: (COO-) (+Na).