How do you transport molten Sulphur?
The key to transporting sulfur in molten form is to maintain a temperature of 284 degrees F (140 degrees C). Therefore, insulated stainless steel tank trailers with a capacity up to 3,800 gallons, are typically used to transport molten sulfur over roads and highways.
Why is sulfur shipped molten?
Molten Sulphur The key to transporting sulphur in molten form is maintaining its temperature at approximately 140oC. Transport over short distances can be done in well insulated containers. The low thermal conductivity of sulphur minimizes heat loss and helps it to retain heat so it does not solidify.
What is hot molten sulfur used for?
Sulfur is often transported in a molten state that is an amber- colored liquid. It is used in making Sulfuric Acid, rubbers, detergents, fungicides and fertilizers, and in petroleum refining. because it is cited by DOT and NFPA.
Does molten sulfur smell?
What is molten sulfur? Molten Sulfur is a “pale yellow crystalline solid with a faint odor of rotten eggs,” according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
What does molten sulphur mean?
Molten Sulphur is the product of elemental Sulphur with a melting point above 120 degrees Celsius, at room temperature the product is a solid. Molten Sulphur purity is above 99.8%.
Where does molten sulphur come from?
Molten sulfur is produced from refining and gas operations facilities in the sulfur recovery units. Mostly, sulfur is produced in order to comply with environmental regulations with regards to H2S (highly toxic gas). The sulfur is mostly used in producing fertilizers.
Is sulfur toxic to inhale?
Inhalation: VERY TOXIC, can cause death. Can cause severe irritation of the nose and throat. At high concentrations: can cause life-threatening accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema). Symptoms may include coughing, shortness of breath, difficult breathing and tightness in the chest.
Is it bad to inhale sulfur?
Sulfur dioxide is severely irritating to the eyes, mucous membranes, skin, and respiratory tract. Bronchospasm, pulmonary edema, pneumonitis, and acute airway obstruction can occur. Inhalation exposure to very low concentrations of sulfur dioxide can aggravate chronic pulmonary diseases, such as asthma and emphysema.
What is this molten sulphur rail tank car loading and unloading operations study?
This Molten Sulphur Rail Tank Car Loading and Unloading Operationsstudy is an effort to share a variety of leading practices collected and aggregated from several facilities within the United States.
How to load and unload molten sulphur into the pit?
Place appropriate unloading connection or outlet funnel and secure to bottom outlet valve to assure that molten sulphur is directed into channel or molten sulphur pit 20 Make sure bottom outlet cap is in a position that prevents molten sulphur splash during loading
When did TSI develop the molten sulphur rail tank car guidance?
To further assist in this effort, TSI developed and widely distributed “Molten Sulphur Rail Tank Car Guidance Document,” November 18, 2010, when adopted as a US Code of Federal Regulations reference by Final Rule published in Federal Register Vol. 78, No. 47 on Monday, March 11, 2013 Figure (attached and labeled as Appendix A).
What is the size of a molten sulfur tank car?
Molten Sulfur is transported in 15,700 gallon DOT 111A100W1 insulated tank cars that meet the DOT specification for the transportation of molten sulfur and other similar commodities. The rails cars themselves are ~ 9′ outside diameter with an overall length of 44′, with a 7’-4” x 6’ off-set crash boxes.